The castle of Castellet is located in the municipality of Castellet i la
Gornal in the Alt Penedès area, south of Barcelona and just a few kilometres
from Sitges and Vilanova i la Geltrú. The archaeological work carried out
recently makes it possible to state that there has been a human presence on
the hill where the castle stands since the time of the Iberians, 2,500 years
ago, and that the spot has always been connected with keeping a watch on transport
routes: the river Foix and the Via Herculia, later renamed the Via Augusta,
now the AP-7 motorway.
The first reference to the castle dates back to a document from the year 977. The fortress was of major strategic importance until the 16th century. Over these centuries the control of the site alternated between several houses of feudal lords, the counts of Barcelona (in the 11th century) and the crown of Catalonia-Aragon (in the 15th century). From then onwards, the castle went through successive periods of decadence until it fell into ruin.
Between 1928 and 1930 the castle underwent partial restoration work, covering the structures of the central and western parts. The southern part was not affected by this work, which formed its profile today. After so many years the castle was declared a cultural site of national interest, but this was not enough to ensure the preservation of the fortress.